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Before moving to Mexico, I was aware of a few facts about the country with its well-known history, distinct culture and Latin beauty. Being here is just a completely different experience that everyone should experience at least once in their lifetime.

There are plenty of interesting facts about Mexico, but we’ve decided to name my top 20 in this article. Whether you are planning a trip and looking for ideas or just love the country and culture, you are at the right place. Let’s skip right into these 20 facts. 

Mexico is a country that is blessed with a diverse range of geographical wonders that are sure to leave you in awe. From the stunning beaches to the breathtaking natural landscapes, Mexico has it all. Here are some of the most fascinating geographical wonders of Mexico that you should definitely check out:

Did you know that Mexico is the 11th most populous country in the world, with over 130 million people? Or that Mexico City is the largest city in North America, with a population of over 21 million? Mexico is also home to a diverse range of ecosystems, from deserts and mountains to tropical rainforests and pristine beaches. With so much to discover, it’s no wonder that Mexico is a popular destination for travelers from around the globe.

Locations of Wonder in Mexico

Yucatan Peninsula and Cenotes

The Yucatán peninsula is unique in its location due to its limestone bedrock and underground rivers. This region of the country has over 6,000 cenotes, which are natural sinkholes that are filled with crystal-clear water. These underground caves are beautiful to look at and also have the best swimming experience.

Along with the beautiful, they possess very rich cultural significance. It is believed that these cenotes were gateways to the underworld and used for religious ceremonies and sacrifices by the ancient Mayans.

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The Coastal Beauties

Mexico has been blessed with some beautiful beaches. Some of the more popular beaches like Cancun, Puerto Vallarta, and Cabo San Lucas are particularly famous for their absolutely clear waters, white sand, and ever-so-lovely sunsets.

If for one minute you thought the beaches were just for swimming and sunbathing you’d be wrong. Due to the vast tourist attractions, there’s nonstop access to surfing, snorkeling, and scuba diving. Perhaps you want to indulge in some sightseeing at the coral reef or try your luck swimming with exotic marine life as well.

Volcanoes and Natural Landscapes

Mexico is home to out of the 14 volcanoes spread throughout the country 12 are still considered active. The Popocatepetl and Colima volcanoes are the two currently most active volcanoes according to The National Center for Disaster Preparedness.

For the nature lovers, the landscapes of Mexico are also a sight to behold. Copper Canyon, located in the northern state of Chihuahua, is the largest in North America, and a highly sought-after destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts.

Mexico’s Rich History

Mexico's history is rich and diverse, with a fascinating mix of ancient civilizations, colonialism, and a path to independence. Here are some interesting facts about Mexico's historical background:

Ancient Parents

History tells us that Mexico is home to some of the most famous ancient civilizations, including the Aztecs and the Maya. The pyramids that stand today are linked to them and attract tourists from around the world. Believe it or not, Cholula has the biggest pyramid in the world by volume.

Teotihuacan and Chichen Itza are two of the most famous ancient cities in Mexico, known for their impressive pyramids and temples. These cities were built around 200 BCE and 600 CE respectively. Teotihuacan was one of the largest cities in the world at that point in time.

Colonial History

The Spanish conquistadors colonized Mexico in the 16th century. That same period of time made a significant impact on Mexico’s fundamental structure of what they are today. Some of the buildings of that era can still be seen standing today.

The Path to Independence

Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821 after a long and bloody struggle, and the country celebrates it every year after that on September 16.

Miguel Hidalgo, a Catholic priest, is considered the father of Mexican independence due to his rebellion against the Spanish in 1810, ultimately leading to Mexico’s independence.

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Cultural Heritage

Vibrant Mexican flag waving in the wind, surrounded by iconic symbols like sombreros, mariachi instruments, and Mayan pyramids. A colorful market stall sells traditional crafts while a mariachi band plays in the background

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Mexico has an unprecedented 35 UNESCO World Heritage Sites which is more than any other country in the Americas. This includes North America and the entire Caribbean. These locations include some sites from Teotihuacan and Chichen Itza, as well as colonial cities like Guanajuato and Morelia to name a few.

Mexico City Historic Center, which is part of the ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan and the colonial-era buildings of the Spanish conquistadors, is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Festivals and Traditions

Dia de los Muertos which translates to Day of the Dead is a very popular festive season that is celebrated on November 1st and 2nd. During this time families get together to remember and honor their deceased loved ones with offerings of food, flowers and gifts.

Art and Music

1.  Frida Kahlo, one of Mexico’s most famous artists, is known for her self-portraits that explore themes of identity, gender, and Mexican culture. At festive seasons Mariachi music, which originated in the state of Jalisco, can be heard everywhere you go. It is a popular musical style that features trumpets, violins, and guitars.

2. The Mexican flag, which features the eagle, serpent, and cactus depicted in an ancient Aztec legend, is the pride and joy of the nation. Their cultural heritage is something they stand by and also what draws visitors from around the world to experience it.

​The Food

A colorful market stall overflows with vibrant Mexican ingredients and traditional cookware, surrounded by lively music and the enticing aromas of street food

Mexican cuisine is a melting pot of flavors and influences, making it one of the most diverse and delicious cuisines in the world. From street food to upscale restaurants, there is something for everyone. Here are some fun facts about the culinary delights of Mexico that will surprise you:

​Cultural Cuisines

  1. Corn (maiz) is a staple in Mexican cuisine and is used to make tortillas, tamales, and many other dishes.
  2. Beans (frijoles) are another essential ingredient in Mexican cuisine and are used in a variety of dishes, including refried beans and chili con carne.
  3. Chocolate originated in Mexico, and it has been used in cooking for centuries. Mexican hot chocolate, very popular and very good is a popular drink made with cocoa, cinnamon, and sugar.
  4. Tacos are one of the most popular Mexican dishes, and they come in many varieties, including carne asada, al pastor, and fish tacos.
  5. Mole is a rich, flavorful sauce that is often served over chicken or other meats. It is made with a blend of spices, nuts, and chocolate.

A Few of the Best Drinks and Spirits

  1. Tequila is a well-known spirit that is made from the blue agave plant in Mexico. It is often served with lime and salt and is used in many cocktails, including margaritas.
  2. Mezcal is another spirit that is made from the agave plant. Its smoky flavor is known to be served with orange slices and chili powder.
  3. Horchata (Rice Water) is a highly refreshing drink made with rice, cinnamon, and sugar. It is served over ice and is perfect for hot summer days.
  4. Mexican beer is also popular, with brands like Corona, Dos Equis, and Modelo being well-known outside of Mexico.

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Flora and Fauna

High Levels of Species Diversity

  1. Out of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world, Mexico is one of them.  This means it is home to a significant proportion of the world’s biodiversity.
  2. The country has four biodiversity hotspots: the Madrean pine-oak woodlands, the Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves, the Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves, and the Tehuacan-Cuicatlan Valley.
  3. These hotspots are home to many plant and animal species, many of which are native to Mexico.

Endemic and Local Species

  1. The endemic landscape is home to over 26,000 species of plants, of which over 50% are local to the country.
  2. The jaguar, Mexico’s largest cat is a threatened species and is found in the country’s tropical forests.
  3. The monarch butterfly, which migrates from Canada and the United States is a common sight in the country’s winter months.
  4. The Mexican gray wolf, also known as the Lobo, is a critically endangered species that is found in the northern parts of the country.

Economic and Demographic Insights


  1. Mexico is the 11th most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of over 140 million people as of 2024.
  2. The country’s average age is 29 years old.
  3. Since the 1960s the fertility rate has been dropping from 6.7 children per woman in the 1960s to 2.1 in 2024, which is the replacement level.
  4. The population is diverse, with indigenous people making up around 21% of the population.


  1. In 2024 with over  2.5 trillion GDP USD on average, Mexico boasts the 15th largest economy in the world,.trillion USD in 2024.
  2. The country is a major exporter of manufactured goods, particularly in the automotive, electronics, and aerospace industries.
  3. Mexico is the world’s largest producer of silver and a significant producer of other minerals such as gold, copper, and zinc.
  4. The tourism industry is a vital part of the Mexican economy, with over 40 million international visitors in 2024, making it the 7th most visited country in the world.
  5. The Mexican peso is the national currency of Mexico and is abbreviated as MXN. As of 2024, one USD is equivalent to around 16 MXN.

Language and Learning

A colorful classroom with Mexican flags, books, and a map of Mexico on the wall. Brightly colored posters with interesting facts about Mexico adorn the room

Official and Indigenous Languages

  1. Spanish is not the official language but is spoken by the majority of the population in Mexico. However, it’s also home to over 68 indigenous languages, including Nahuatl, Maya, and Zapotec.
  2. The Mexican government recognizes these indigenous languages as national languages, and they are protected under the Mexican constitution. In some regions, indigenous languages are still the primary means of communication.
  3. In addition to Spanish and indigenous languages, Mexico also recognizes Mexican Sign Language as an official language.

Educational Milestones

  1. The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) is the oldest in North America, founded in 1551.
  2. Education in Mexico is compulsory for children aged 6 to 14, although some fall through the cracks, but the Mexican government has made significant efforts in recent years.
  3. Some challenges in education, include high dropout rates and low levels of literacy in some regions.
  4. However, Mexico has also made significant progress in areas such as gender parity in education, with girls now having equal access to education as boys.

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